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提高雅思写作能力的方法
2019-04-30 17:23   作者:新航道   阅读量:

  

  雅思写作是各位考鸭特别头疼的一部分,它会综合考核到考鸭们在英文学习中各方面的能力,如何能写突出的文章呢?把握文章的整体逻辑是关键。


  大家都知道雅思作文评分的四大标准,简而言之,审题、逻辑、词汇、语法。


  改过这么多篇各种各样的作文,大部分学生的主要问题并不是语法,词汇,也不是审题,而是逻辑问题。


  的确,缺乏中心思想和逻辑混乱是我们常犯的错误,再加上文化差异和词汇的乱用,经常?#38376;?#25913;的外国考官摸不着头脑。


  还有的烤鸭们习惯想到哪写到哪,有一句是一句,这样不仅浪费时间而且逻辑混乱,甚至为了凑字数套句大批地乱用,最后写出了一篇自己都不怎么明白的作文。


  大家都知道雅思分数不够在英国是要读语言班的,而语言班的教学内容并不是英语,而是让你变成一个学术人(academic student),如何正确写essay,report,怎么做presentation等等,英语那时候已经变成了工具而不再是你需要学习和掌握的学习内容了。


  “四?#38382;剑?#19977;句定全文”的方法,而这同样也是我们列提纲最快的方法:

  Introduction

  main body 1

  main body 2

  conclusion


  这样的四?#38382;?#29992;于单边和双边还有报告文,那三句又是哪三句呢?分别是你Introduction的最后一句话,Main Body 1的The first句话,Main Body 2的The first句话,它们分别叫Thesis statement,Topic Sentence 1和Topic Sentence 2.


  所以当你看见一个题目的时候,The first件事情不是拿起笔就写,而是先想你自己的这三句话,列出一个提纲,然后再写。


 列提纲只是帮助你知道你这三句话分别写什么,但怎么写是你在正式写主文的时候自己把握的,那我们举个简单的例子,看下面这个题目:

  Topic: As well as making money, businesses should also have social responsibilities. Do you agree or disagree?


  做一下简单的构思,快速地列好提纲:


微信图片_20190430171333.jpg

  提纲列好后便是简单的汇整工作,根据这个提纲写一篇高质量的范文如下:

  The issue regarding whether making money is the most important goal of businesses is controversial. There are a large number of people who support that businesses should also undertake social responsibilities. Personally, taking social responsibilities is capable of bringing two main benefits despite some existing drawbacks.


  There is no denying that social responsibility can enhance the reputation and profitability. First, information spread is getting fast since rapid development of information media, which implies that any contribution from enterprises could be easily recognized by public. Thus, this would drive people to form a positive impression to these enterprises, thereby increasing their sales volume. Second, most socially responsible investments are government-supported. Empirically, businesses in purpose of enhancing social welfare, such as infrastructure construction and philanthropy, can gain government financing. Because it can alleviate the burden of government, so that to solve the problems about insufficient fund as well as promote the corporate image.


  In addition, the fact that undertaking social responsibilities needs high costs may be the most typical reason unaccepted by business men. As known, profitability is the key index of enterprises based on adequate normal profits. Hence, overemphasized social responsibilities might cause companies’ inability to survive. Moreover, this requirement may be considered as unfair treatment to small companies. In contrast to large companies, most small entities are self-sustaining and rely on profits to further develop. Nevertheless, large companies with abundant capitals enable to invest some of funds on public utilities even if unprofitable, as they can treat these funds as advertising fees for corporate image and goodwill.


  In conclusion, undertaking social responsibilities is beneficial to enterprises, which mainly embodies on two aspects: enhance of reputation and government supporting. However, the contradiction with profitability should not be neglected, it affects some small companies significantly.

  


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