上期平码什么意思

SAT(美國高考)

SAT香港考試團起航夢想
當前位置:首頁 >SAT > SAT閱讀 > 正文
SAT閱讀——修辭目的題解析
2020-01-20 10:14   作者:新航道   閱讀量:

  今天小編給大家分析一下SAT閱讀中修辭目的題,希望能幫助到大家。


  [常見問法]


  修辭目的題(Rhetorical Purpose Questions),無論是托福閱讀,還是新SAT閱讀,均明確提到此類題型。包括ACT閱讀,也有相關考法。常見題目特征,出現"purpose"、"why"、"in order to"等字樣。


  比如:


      1.The author discusses … in paragraph 3 in order to . . .


  2. Why does the author mention …?


  3. What is the purpose of paragraph 4?


  這些題型,有時也被稱為"舉例作用題"、"段落目的題"等,均可歸類為"修辭目的題"。


  [官方解讀]


  當看到"修辭"二字,不少同學可能會情不自禁的想到"比喻、排比、擬人"等經常提到的修辭手法,但托福閱讀及SAT/ACT閱讀,考的是這個嗎?


  首先,我們一起看看托福的官方指南怎么說,"Rhetoric is the art of speaking or writing effectively."(修辭,是有效的講話或寫作的藝術),比如, 舉例(example),下定義(definition),解釋(explain),對比(contrast),批評(criticize),等,這些都叫"修辭"。


  [例題解析]


  以TPO中的一道題目為例:


  Paragraph 6: A third fossil formation containing both soft-bodied and hard-bodied animals provides evidence of the result of the Cambrian explosion. This fossil formation, called the Burgess Shale, is in Yoho National Park in the Canadian Rocky Mountains of British Columbia. Shortly after the Cambrian explosion, mud slides rapidly buried thousands of marine animals under conditions that favored fossilization. These fossil beds provide evidence of about 32 modern animal groups, plus about 20 other animal body forms that are so different from any modern animals that they cannot be assigned to any one of the modern groups. These unassignable animals include a large swimming predator called Anomalocaris and a soft-bodied animal called Wiwaxia, which ate detritus or algae. The Burgess Shale formation also has fossils of many extinct representatives of modern animal groups. For example, a well-known Burgess Shale animal called Sidneyia is a representative of a previously unknown group of arthropods (a category of animals that includes insects, spiders, mites, and crabs).


  Why does the author mention "Anomalocans" and "Wiwaxia"?


  A. To contrast predators with animals that eat plants such as algae


  B. To question the effects of rapid mud slides on fossilization


  C. To suggest that much is still unknown about animals found in the Burgess Shale


  D. To provide examples of fossils that cannot be assigned to a modern animal group


  答案:D


  解析:


  四個選項的修辭詞分別為contrast、question、suggest、provide example,根據段落中的內容,首先就可以排除A(contrast)和B(question),剩下的選項C和D的后半部分信息,D是對文中內容更好的總結,"cannot be assigned to a modern animal group"等同于文中的"they cannot be assigned to any one of the modern groups.",故,正確答案為D。而選項C的"much is still unknown"并不是原文的同義改寫。


  [SAT擴展]


  當同學們掌握好托福中的修辭目的題后,進入到下一個學習階段,即SAT或ACT,也同樣會遇到此類題型,只是難度更大,區別尤其體現在SAT閱讀中,除了修辭詞部分之外,選項剩余信息多設置成了更為概括的抽象名詞,而不是具體名詞,這給考生帶來一定的困擾,這也是大多數考生的失分點所在。


  以新SAT官方指南中的兩道題目為例:


  例題1:


  Akira came directly, breaking all tradition. Was that it? Had he followed form-had he asked his mother to speak to his father to approach a go-between-would Chie have been more receptive?


  The main purpose of the first paragraph is to


  A. describe a culture.


  B. criticize a tradition.


  C. question a suggestion.


  D. analyze a reaction.


  正確答案:D


  干擾選項:A


  例題2:


  The researchers paired the antithrombin gene with a promoter (which is a sequence of DNA that controls gene activity) that is normally active in the goat's mammary glands during milk production.


  The most likely purpose of the parenthetical information in lines 63-64 is to


  A. illustrate an abstract concept.


  B. describe a new hypothesis.


  C. clarify a claim.


  D. define a term.


  正確答案:D


  干擾選項:A


  [總結]


  最后,為同學們總結一下修辭目的題最核心的注意事項:如果說常見的"事實信息題"問的是what(作者說了什么),那么"修辭目的題"問的就是why(作者為什么這么說)。緊抓這一點,相信同學們能在這類考題中,獲得不錯的正確率。

       

        以上就是托福閱讀修辭目的題解析,更多托福考試干貨敬請關注新航道SAT考試頻道

  

熱門專題
熱門文章

    定制屬于自己的學習方案

    您的姓名
    聯系方式
    所在城市
    • 北京市
    • 天津市
    • 上海市
    • 重慶市
    • 河北省
    • 河南省
    • 廣東省
    • 遼寧省
    • 湖南省
    • 四川省
    • 安徽省
    • 山東省
    • 江蘇省
    • 浙江省
    • 湖北省
    • 山西省
    • 陜西省
    • 福建省
    • 江西省
    • 廣西省
    • 甘肅省
    • 黑龍江省
    • 內蒙古
    • 吉林省
    • 新疆維吾爾
    • 貴州省
    • 云南省
    • 青海省
    • 西藏
    • 寧夏回族
    • 海南省
    立即預約
    戰略合作單位
    上期平码什么意思
    飞艇1000赢3万公式 pk10助赢软件 快乐12开奖结果走 秒速时时彩是国家开的 欢乐四川麻将血流成 股票分析之量价关系 甘肃快三走势图表 短线股票推荐黑马 倍盈配资 山东的十一选五走势